May 07 2013

Atacama Specimen

One persistent theme that skeptical investigators encounter is the fact that true-believers of various stripes often whine about the fact that they are not taken seriously by scientists and that their claims are dismissed out of hand. Ironically they often direct their whining at skeptics, even though we are the ones addressing their claims and investigating them. Mainstream scientists won’t taint themselves by even acknowledging their existence.

What the true believers repeatedly fail to appreciate, however, is that it is not necessarily their claims that relegate them to the fringe, but their atrocious methods. They giddily squander their credibility by accepting poor-quality evidence, making bad arguments, and dismissing perfectly reasonable alternative explanations.

In short, they are not taken seriously because they are not serious scientists. A version of the Dunning-Kruger effect seems to make them incapable of perceiving their own gross scientific incompetence, and so they have no choice but to whine about those “closed-minded scientists” and the conspiracy of silence against them.

Yet another example of this is the Atacama specimen – a six inch tall humanoid skeletal remains discovered in the Atacama desert, Chile, in 2003. The Disclosure Project, founded by Steven Greer, has promoted the specimen as evidence of aliens. They make the classic mistake of looking for evidence and arguments to support their hypothesis, rather than properly considering other hypotheses or looking for evidence to disprove their hypothesis.

What they are doing is essentially mystery mongering, as is evidenced by the title of their article on the specimen: Stanford University Research: Atacama Humanoid Still A Mystery.

 

Their approach is similar to that of the Starchild Skull proponents – take a human specimen and look for anomalies, and then declare those anomalies evidence that the specimen is alien. The problem with this approach is that there are numerous causes of anatomical anomalies, including genetic, developmental, pathological, traumatic, or artifacts of what happened to the specimen after death.

Alien proponents would have to convincingly rule out all such possibilities before Occam would be satisfied that a new explanation was needed. Even then, all we would have in an anomaly – not something alien. That conclusion is a classic example of the argument from ignorance logical fallacy.

One way to address the question of whether or not the specimen is human is to analyze it’s DNA. The mere fact that it has DNA, by the way, is good evidence that it is native to Earth. In this case the DNA, as far as it has been currently tested, is 100% human. Further, the mitochondrial DNA is fully human and consistent with the people from that region.

That has not seemed to dissuade believers, however, who are apparently comfortable with an alien with human DNA. Perhaps this is the flip-side of the giant humanoids from Prometheus who also had 100% human DNA.

The simplest interpretation of the Atacama specimen is that it is the sad result of an illegal abortion, discarded in the desert, and then mummified. The changes to the skull are likely the result of the abortion procedure itself. Other skeletal changes are due to the mummified soft tissue, which tightened around the skeleton. The anomalies, in other words, are forensic, not evidence of an alien life form.

One main area of dispute is the age of the child at the time of death. It looks most similar to the developmental age of a fetus of 20-25 weeks old. The Stanford researcher who examined it, however, concluded it was from an older child of 5-6 years old. Critics of this conclusion, however, have pointed out that the mummification process increased bone density, and this may have unduly influenced the Stanford researcher. They point to similar cases with Egyptian child mummies.

Conclusion

The Atacama specimen is entirely human in that all of its parts are human. It has human features in all the right places. Its DNA is also fully human, and consistent with someone from that region. Yes, there are anomalies, which is not unexpected given that it is likely an aborted fetus that was mummified in the desert.

Greer concludes:

“Is the Atacama Humanoid a so-called hybrid? Are we all some type of hybrid? Could this have occurred via contact with other extraterrestrial civilizations over millions of years?”

Ah, the hybrid gambit. This is the exact same special pleading that Lloyd Pye gave for the Starchild skull when its DNA was found to be human. This is the exact special pleading that researchers gave when the alleged bigfoot DNA was found to be human. It must therefore be a human hybrid.

And they wonder why they are not taken seriously.

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15 responses so far

15 Responses to “Atacama Specimen”

  1. Ori Vandewalleon 07 May 2013 at 11:33 am

    I don’t know why people always jump to aliens with this sort of thing. If the DNA is completely human, the obvious conclusion is that it’s a time traveler from the future. Since we’ll be a spacefaring civilization in the future, it makes sense that we would have miniaturized ourselves to cut down on fuel requirements.

  2. ConspicuousCarlon 07 May 2013 at 11:34 am

    Perhaps it cannot be properly investigated unless the DNA test equipment is also in 1:10 scale.

  3. lancemoodyon 07 May 2013 at 5:06 pm

    Thanks for looking into this!

    Lance Moody

  4. BillyJoe7on 07 May 2013 at 5:49 pm

    “a fetus of 20-25 weeks old….an older child of 5-6 years old”

    No comment (:

  5. ConspicuousCarlon 07 May 2013 at 8:03 pm

    This is the exact special pleading that researchers gave when the alleged bigfoot DNA was found to be human. It must therefore be a human hybrid.

    Every time I am reminded of that, I think of my favorite part when the author of the paper said something like “this is nothing like what we would expect bigfoot DNA to look like”. Sooo… why do you think it is bigfoot DNA? They seem to think that “everything we know would have to be wrong” is a supporting argument.

  6. Kawarthajonon 08 May 2013 at 11:49 am

    As a tangential issue, Steven Greer argues that scientists have proven that DNA has existed for 10 billion years – longer than the age of the Earth. This sounds ridiculous to me. The “researchers” (and I use that term lightly) are applying Moore’s law, the one about computer processing power doubling every so often, to examine DNA and how its complexity has changed over time, suggesting that there hasn’t been enough time on Earth for the complexity to get to the level of human DNA and concluding, therefore, that DNA must have originated several billions of years prior to the Earth’s formation.

    Here is the link to the article about the “research” – http://phys.org/news/2013-04-law-life-began-earth.html

  7. Ori Vandewalleon 08 May 2013 at 12:47 pm

    I’ve conducted similar research. Given that global warming is real, the universe must have been cooler in the past. Therefore, the cosmic microwave background does not exist.

  8. stamenon 08 May 2013 at 4:52 pm

    Doubtful News has a link to an excellent analysis http://paolov.wordpress.com/2013/05/04/atacama-alien-mystery/. Paolo V. the author make a very important point. This is not just a freak show. This is a child that has died in unfortunate circumstances. The foetus and mother deserve some respect.

  9. HHCon 08 May 2013 at 5:44 pm

    The Atacama specimen is probably the aborted fetus of a Chilean or Peruvian native. The natives’ UFO/ET suggestions are tangential to the facts that political prisoner bodies have been found in the same desert and part of it has been used as a concentration camp.

  10. eternallylearningon 08 May 2013 at 6:13 pm

    “# Ori Vandewalleon 07 May 2013 at 11:33 am
    I don’t know why people always jump to aliens with this sort of thing.”

    If I had to wager a guess based on my personal experiences in believing stuff like this and having friends who still do; I’d say that it’s simply because someone else raises it as a “likely” possibility and they get really, really excited to see confirmation of a long-held hope. Then, when the presumption is questioned, they just cannot seem to find the will to be disappointed.

  11. ConspicuousCarlon 08 May 2013 at 10:03 pm

    HHC on 08 May 2013 at 5:44 pm

    The Atacama specimen is probably the aborted fetus of a Chilean or Peruvian native.

    Wait a minute… Peru…? I think I’ve solved it!

    https://rauman.wikispaces.com/Jamie+Martin+Link1

  12. madmidgitzon 09 May 2013 at 12:53 am

    dont be encouraging the stereotype about atheists and dead babies….. Delicious dead babies….mmmmmmmmm, with barbecue sauce…… yeah dont enforce that steryotype ….. maybe with mustard and fries.
    im so hungry now

  13. Jared Olsenon 09 May 2013 at 5:41 am

    Good stuff Steve, when I saw this in the news I had a feeling you would address it. I gotta say tho, the damn thing looks so fake! Would make an awesome key ring!

  14. Fredon 11 May 2013 at 3:21 am

    Thanks, Steven, for the thoughtful inspection. I’ve been reading your blogs for quite a while; what introduced me to your place was your analysis on the traditional and complementary medicines. (I’m a Chinese, growing up being fed with Chinese medicine.) I’ve learned a lot from your writings. Thanks.

  15. Davdoodleson 12 May 2013 at 11:00 pm

    “Human hybrid”

    …in which all the DNA, and everything else, is human.

    Like the Esquilax, the legendary horse with the head of a rabbit, and the body of a rabbit.
    .

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